Tumors called basal cell carcinoma in dogs grows near the base of the epidermis, the skin’s outer layer. It is the most typical type of canine skin cancer. Dogs typically develop benign basal cell tumors, although they can also develop malignant ones.
“Carcinomas” are the name for cancerous tumors. Only if detected early, basal cell carcinomas can be easily treated surgically with few side effects. Cancer seldom metastasizes or spreads to other bodily regions. Basal cell tumors develop as lumps with no hair on the skin’s surface. Usually, it affects the shoulders, neck, or head.
It’s crucial to have your dog’s skin examined by a veterinarian if you see a raised mound there. They’ll be able to determine whether it’s benign or cancerous and determine the best course of action. A more successful outcome can be obtained with early cancer detection and therapy.
Types of Basal Cell Carcinoma
Benign and malignant basal cell tumors are two distinct kinds. The benign type of tumor is referred to as a “basal cell tumor,” while “basal cell carcinoma” is the name for the malignant form of the tumor.
In spite of the fact that both types of tumor are strong and well-circumscribed, basal cell tumors can be distinguished from flatter basal cell carcinomas by their elevated, occasionally stalk-like appearance.
Symptoms of Basal Cell Carcinoma
Basal cell carcinoma frequently develops as circumvalar, elevated, hairless tumors, typically on your dog’s head, neck, or shoulder. The tumor’s diameter might range from 0.2 to 10 cm.
Comparing the symptoms to healthy skin can sometimes make them appear discolored. Basal cell carcinomas can develop ulcers and other skin issues if left untreated.
While basal cell carcinomas tend to be flatter, benign basal cell tumors are more often elevated and stalk-like.
Visit the veterinarian’s clinic if you observe any of these symptoms in your dog. They can make a treatment plan and let you know if the tumor is benign or malignant in your dog.
Causes of Basal Cell Carcinoma in Dogs
Basal cell carcinoma in dogs has no recognized cause. Although radiation exposure has been related to basal cell carcinoma in humans, this is not the case in dogs.
Several breeds are more prone to basal cell carcinoma and tumor development, while the causes are unknown.
While basal cell carcinomas are more prevalent in Cocker Spaniels and Poodles, benign basal cell tumors are more frequent in Wirehaired Pointing Griffons and Scottish Terriers. These illnesses are also more likely to affect dogs in their middle and later years.
There is no known technique to prevent basal cell carcinoma from affecting your dog, as there is no known cause.
Diagnosis of this Condition in Dogs
Research findings are used to make the diagnosis of basal cell carcinoma. The next step is to take your dog to the veterinarian after identifying the affected area. There, you will be asked for information about when the mass first appeared and any additional symptoms you may have noticed.
To ascertain your dog’s general health, the vet will undertake a physical examination and may order blood or urinalysis tests. A microscopic examination of the afflicted tissue, which may be obtained through a fine-needle aspiration or a biopsy, will be used to confirm the diagnosis.
This examination will reveal if the tumor is benign or cancerous and is normally carried out by a veterinary pathologist. Additionally, it will show the tumor’s grade and stage and rule out any other conditions that could be causing the growth.