Lymphoma in Dogs is not strange to most of us and it is a common cancer disease that occurs in humans too. However, this disease also occurs in dogs which propel us to dedicate this informative piece discussing Canine Lymphoma otherwise known as Lymphoma in Dogs.
You ollowingmay care to know the following;
- First symptoms of multicentric lymphoma
- Symptoms of lymphoma in dogs
- Treatment of lymphoma in dogs
All of these will be treated in this content as we delve ahead to unravel the information on Lymphoma in dogs.
Symptoms And Treatment Of Lymphoma In Dogs (Causes And Diagnosis)
Lymphoma cancer in Dogs or better put canine lymphoma is not so different from human lymphoma. It is common cancer diagnosed in dogs.
What Is Lymphoma Cancer In Dogs?
Lymphoma is a cancer disease of the lymphatic system. The lymphatic system is present in the tissue unlike other white blood cells present in the blood, and it is involved in immunity and fighting infections.
Lymphoma occurs from cells in the lymphatic system known as lymphocytes which normally travel around the body, making this form of cancer usually spread throughout the body.
Types Of Lymphoma In Dogs.
There are various types of canine lymphomas. Several studies have revealed that there are more than 30 different types of lymphomas in dogs, and all of them differ in aggressiveness, survival rates, and clinical signs.
However, we will be considering 4 types of lymphoma that are most common. They are:
#1. Multicentric Lymphoma.
Multicentric lymphoma is the most common lymphoma cancer in dogs and it is responsible for approximately 80-85% of the disease in dogs.
Multicentric lymphoma affects the entire lymph nodes in the body. The clinical sign and manifestation of the disease is the rapid enlargement of the lymph nodes.
#2. Alimentary Lymphoma.
Alimentary lymphoma is very much common in dogs but not as much as multicentric lymphoma.
The disease causes gastrointestinal lesions in dogs with clinical manifestations of vomiting, diarrhoea, and weight loss.
#3. Mediastinal Lymphoma.
Mediastinal lymphoma is another common lymphoma cancer common in dogs. The disease develops lesions within the chest and occupies space in the chest cavity. This often leads to coughing and difficulty in breathing.
#4. Extranodal Lymphoma.
Extranodal lymphoma cancer in dogs involves other body organs such as the spleen, thymus, skin, eye, and pharyngeal lymphatic ring.
However, the most common extranodal lymphoma that affects dogs is the cutaneous lymphoma that occurs on the skin.
Causes Of Lymphoma In Dogs.
What is the cause of lymphoma cancer in dogs? As of this moment, the primary cause of the disease in dogs remains largely unknown.
Scientists are still working hard to find the cause of this disease and are currently doing so through advanced genetic studies hoping that it will eventually help identify any underlying genetic and chromosomal causes and predispositions of the disease in dogs.
However, some believed that the environment could be a contributing factor because digs are exposed to many cancer-causing environmental factors including toxic substances like phenoxyacetic acid herbicides and magnetic field exposure.
Signs Of Lymphoma Cancer In Dogs.
Furthermore, we also intend to find out the Symptoms of Lymphoma in Dogs.
The following signs are the Symptoms that can be observed in Dogs:
- Difficulty in breathing.
- swelling of the face or front legs
- increased thirst
- increased urination as a result of Mediastina lymphoma because of the presence of a large mass originated within the chest or accumulation of fluid within the chest.
Knowing this will help dog owners to quickly identify their dog that has begun to display symptoms relating to the disease and quickly as possible visit the veterinarian for proper diagnosis and treatment options.
The symptoms of Dog lymphoma vary depending on the site affected as well as the degree of the disease.
Also, because there are different types of lymphoma, diagnosing the disease at the initial stage can be difficult.
Symptoms of multicentric lymphoma Cancer In Dogs.
Swollen lymph nodes are the first sign of multicentric lymphoma. As the disease progresses, other signs such as
- dehydration occur.
Symptoms Of Alimentary Lymphoma Cancer In Dogs.
Signs such as;
- abdominal pain.
- weight loss.
these are often indicators that your dog suffers from alimentary lymphoma.
Stages of Lymphoma In dogs
Lymphoma is generally group into five stages, which varies on the degree of the disease in the Canine body: the categories are;
Stage I: Single lymph node enlargement
Stage II: regional lymph node enlargement
Stage III: generalized lymph node enlargement
Stage IV: liver and/or spleen involvement
Stage V: bone marrow and blood involvement
Further categories include the ‘A’ and ‘B’ substages.
Substage ‘A’ This includes Canine(Dogs) that display no clinical symptoms of the illness
Substage ‘B’ These are dogs that show clinical symptoms of the illness which can include decreased appetite, weight loss, vomiting, lethargy, fever, etc.).
B cell and t cell Lymphoma, What Is The Difference between Them?
In addition to sub staging and staging, lymphoma can be classified depending on the kind of lymphocyte that turns malignant (T cell or B cell).
B cell lymphoma is more prevalent, and dogs with this type attain and maintain remission more easily than T cell lymphoma patients.
Survival durations for dogs with B cell lymphoma are prolonged as a result of this positive response to therapy.
Individual survival and treatment response, on the other hand, are patient dependent. Some dogs with T cell illness experience long-term remissions, whereas others with B cell disease do not.
Diagnosis Of Lymphomas Cancer In Dogs.
When the Symptoms of Lymphoma Cancer in Dogs are visible, there is no point in wasting time or self-medicating.
Rather, take your pet to see the veterinarian for a proper diagnosis to be conducted and effective treatment options are reached as soon as possible.
There are different methods through which lymphoma can be diagnosed. One of the effective diagnostic methods is a biopsy.
Fine-needle aspiration is used to extract a sample of lymph nodes or organs in the dog and then examined for cytology or by a histopathologic tissue evaluation
To evaluate internal lymph nodes and organs, X-rays and an ultrasound scan will be required.
Another method employed is blood sampling and testing that help to assess the dog’s general health status.
Treatment Of Lymphoma Cancer In Dogs.
Having read about Symptoms of Lymphoma in Dogs and the methods of diagnosing the disease, it is time to give you a tidbit about the available treatment options.
Note that, the disease can be effectively treated when it is diagnosed at an early stage and treatment commences thereafter.
There are several treatment options provided over the years and more effective treatment options are still been tested until a definitive treatment method is acquired. As of now, treatment of lymphoma diseases in dogs include:
#1. Steroid Treatment (Prednisolone).
Steroid treatment is commonly used to manage the condition and alleviate pain. it is not an attempt to treat the disease at all. Steroid treatment administered alone increases average survival to 1 to 3 months.
Chemotherapy is best effective when the cancer cell has spread throughout the body. The essence of chemotherapy is to stop or hinder cancer cells from rapidly multiplying.
Most times, Chemo is administered alongside surgery or radiation therapy. Also, the type of chemotherapy that will be administered is dependent on the type of lymphoma your dog has.
Interestingly, the dog’s body system seems to go well with chemotherapy. The doses of medication administered used are low compared to the amount humans use.
In some cases, your veterinarian may suggest surgery or radiation therapy.
Life Expectancy Of Dogs With Lymphoma.
The life expectancy of a dog suffering from lymphoma is dependent on the type of lymphoma as well as the treatment option administered. Also, the stage of the disease may affect the prognosis as well. But on average, the average life span of dogs with lymphoma and have been treated with chemotherapy is between 9-13 months.
What Are The Final Stages Of Symptoms Of Lymphoma Cancer In Dogs?
following are the signs to observe in the final stage of lymphoma cancer in Dogs;
- Dogs with swollen lymph nodes but no clinical indications of disease can present.
- lose weight
- lose fur/hair
- become febrile, a
- lose appetite.
Dogs Prone To Lymphoma.
Dogs Prone to Lymphoma include;
- Golden retrievers
- Bernese mountain dogs.
These are the dog breeds that have a higher risk of developing the disease. However, lymphoma can occur in other breeds of dogs. Female dogs are exempted from been affected by this disease.
It is good for dog owners to pay close attention to their pets so that they can observe Symptoms of Lymphoma Disease in Dogs when it occurs. Again, it is good to have an idea about Dogs Prone to Lymphoma. These wills inform your choice of a dog when you want to adopt one.
Prevention Of Lymphoma Cancer In Dogs.
We much like to provide you with information on the prevention measures that will keep your dog from developing lymphoma.
There is yet to be a known preventive measure that is prescribed. However, there is ongoing research to ensure there are vaccines available that prevent the disease from occurring in dogs.
Cost Of Dog Lymphoma Treatment.
For adequate preparation, you must know the cost of treatment. This will inform your decision as to whether you have the financial capacity to fund the treatment and aftercare processes.
Overall, the cost of chemotherapy can be expensive and it depends on the type as well as the treatment protocol employed. The cost can be from $500 to $5000.
Other treatment protocols are cheaper than chemotherapy but may not be as effective, i.e., palliative care.
It is best to speak with your veterinarian for more information about the cost of a treatment protocol.
I believe you now have sufficient information about Lymphoma Diseases in Dogs going by our discussion.
The ultimate reason is for pet owners to be acquainted with the Symptoms of Lymphoma cancer in Dogs including the treatment protocol that best suits your dog. Importantly, when the signs of this disease are visible, owners should ensure prompt action and visit the veterinarian for an immediate diagnosis and treatment process.